添加剂：a substance added to a formulation in relatively small amounts to impart or improve desirable properties or suppress undesirable properties.
一种dHes一世on:the bond strength of a coating to the substrate whether metallic, nonmetallic, plastic or rubber.
一种LKALINE WASH:cleaning process that employs a high ph solution (caustic). a good choice for parts with little buildup of contaminants.
一种LUMINUM OXIDE:hard particulate medium used in grit blasting to clean and roughen surfaces that are to be coated.
阳极氧化：creating a hard surface on aluminum parts via electrolytic process. unsealed anodized surfaces have a porosity that makes them excellent substrates for coatings.
bre一种K-IN:initial wear of mechanical components when large surface asperities can cause high friction and wear rates.
bURN-OFF:a method of removing a coating. temperature is elevated above the degradation point of the coating and held there until the coating breaks down.
抛光：process of polishing a cured coating to improve release and low friction.
摩擦系数：a number expressing the amount of frictional effect: static or dynamic.
冷流：tendency of plastic materials to migrate slowly under heavy loads and/or over time.
交联：quality of thermosetting plastic resins in which polymer chains combine during the curing process. in general, the greater the crosslinking, the tougher and more chemically resistant the coating.
治疗时间表：the time/temperature relationship required to cure a coating.
DFT：dry film thickness.
电介质强度：ability of a coating to resist the passage of electric current.
干（固体）润滑剂：solid materials such as ptfe, moly disulfide, teflon® and graphite that have low coefficients of friction.
边缘覆盖范围：a coating’s ability to flow over, build and adhere to sharp corners, angles and edges.
eLECTROSTATIC SPRAY:a deposition method of spraying and charging a coating so that it is deposited on a grounded substrate. a spray application process in which the coating and part to be coated are oppositely charged; process provides excellent “wrap” of coating around the part, even on sides opposite the spray gun.
F一种r一种d一种Y CAGE EFFECT:由于零件的凹形而排斥带电的颗粒。指控在入口区域建立，以防止渗透到空腔中。
最终治疗：the final time and temperature required to complete the final cure, sintering, melt flow or crosslinking of a coating.
填充物：pigments and other solids used to alter properties of coatings.
FLASH POINT:the lowest temperature at which a solvent will generate sufficient vapors to ignite in the presence of heat.
FLUIDIZED BED COATING:a method of applying a coating to an article in which the article is immersed in a dense-phase fluidized bed (a fixed container in which powder is aerated) of powdered resin. preheated objects may be coated by dipping directly into the fluidized powder. in an electrostatic fluidized bed the part is usually not heated but is charged and passed through a fluidized bed of powder which has the opposite charge.
氟聚合物：family of engineering plastics containing fluorine, characterized by high thermal stability, almost universal chemical resistance and low friction.
摩擦（动态）：resistance to continued motion between two surfaces; also know as sliding friction.
Fr一世Ct一世on(STATIC):resistance to initial motion between two surfaces.
融合：激烈的聚合物粒子的融化和流动s to form a continuous film.
热硬度：ability of coating to retain hardness and wear resistance at elevated temperatures. usually a characteristic of coatings based on thermosetting resin binders.
HVLP (HIGH VOLUME, LOW PRESSURE):a spray technique utilizing high pressure in combination with low air velocity to increase transfer efficiency and reduce air pollution.
HYDROGEN EMBRITTLEMENT:embrittlement of carbon steel caused by absorption of atomic hydrogen in plating, pickling or acid cleaning processes.
m一种tr一世X COATING:one in which some ingredients, such as the lubricant (ptfe), which is soft, are enveloped in others (the matrix, such as the harder, more wear-resistant binders). also referred to as “resin bonded coating”
m一世Cro-INCH:µ inch, a millionth of an inch.
m一世Cron:正如涂料行业所使用的那样，相当于一个mil的1/25，即25微米等效于1 mil涂层厚度，或者1 mil涂层等效于25微米。
迁移（润滑剂）：characteristic of any lubricant which is under pressure to move away from bearing area.
米尔：one thousandth (0.001) of an inch (25.4 microns). most common non-metric measurement of coating thickness.
moly, moly disulfide, molybdenum disulfide, mos2: four names for the same naturally occurring substance that has good low friction and high load-bearing properties.
no一世seredUCTION:the absorption of sound vibrations. fluoropolymer coatings form good noise dampening surfaces.
oLEOPHOBIC:repels oil. oil does not wet out on the surface of coating but beads up on it.
or一种nGepeeL:the varying degrees surface roughness of finish similar to that of an orange.
铅笔硬度：通过测量相对hardn值决定ess of a coating based upon the ability of the coating to resist penetration and gouging by pencil lead of varying hardness. the order of pencils from softest to hardest is 4b, 3b, 2b, b, hb, f, h, 2h, 3h, 4h, 5h, 6h, 7h and 8h. the hardness rating of the coating is equal to the first pencil which does not penetrate and gouge the coating when tested form softest to hardest.
pH:an expression of the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a substance expressed as a number from 0 to 14. neutrality is ph7. acid solutions are less than 7 and alkaline solutions are greater than 7.
磷酸化：surface pretreatment used on ferrous parts that provide a very thin crystalline film that enhances both corrosion resistance and adhesion.
颜料：finely divided, insoluble colored substance used to impart color to a coating.
针孔：a tiny hole in a coating as if made by a pin that allows potential exposure or leak path to the substrate beneath the coating.
pLASMA DEPOSITION TECHNIQUE:a method of applying powder using compressed gas and melting the powder in a flame before the powder impinges on a surfaces.
孔隙率：pinholes or minute pores in a coating that allows potential exposure or leak path in the coating to the substrate, one reason for the failure of chemical, electrical or corrosion resistant coating. can be detected with a spark check test or holiday checker.
post-CURE:a second cure at high temperature to enhance specific properties such as release and non-wetting.
powderCo一种t一世nGs:finely divided particles of organic polymers, pigments and additives alloyed to form a coating.
预热：warming of parts prior to application of a coating, recommended when adhesion is critical and when parts are being coated in humid atmospheres. in some cases, this technique can be used to achieve higher-than-normal film builds.
preLOADS (FOR FASTENERS):紧固件的“紧密度”（等于施加的化妆能量）减去在紧固件的轴承表面和螺纹上克服摩擦所需的能量。
压力喷涂：coating technique similar to siphon spraying, except that the coating is delivered from a pressurized pot to the spray nozzle under positive pressure. generally used for high-volume production.
pretre一种tment:processes for cleaning and conditioning a substrate to be coated. next to the choice for coating, this may be the most important factor in the use of high-performance coatings.
ptFe(POLYTETRAFLUOROETHYLENE):ptfe has the lowest coefficient of friction of any known solid and the highest operating temperatures of the fluoropolymers.
pVDF (POLYVINYLIDENE FLUORIDE):high-molecular weight thermoplastic of vinylidene fluoride with excellent strength, wear resistance and creep resistance.
s一种LT FOG:astm b-117 test procedure that simulates the corrosive environment caused by road salt and marine spray.
爆破（也是砂砾）：the process of surface cleaning and roughening that provides a mechanical “tooth” to aid coating adhesion. media include aluminum oxide, even crushed walnut shells. the medium must be chosen to match the substrate and the foreign material on the substrate to be removed.
s一世nter一世nG:a process where the temperature of ptfe is raised to the point where ptfe particles soften and form a bond with each other.
s一世pHonspr一种YING:most common technique for applying coatings, also known as “conventional air spray”. the coating is drawn from a reservoir into an atomizing air nozzle and propelled toward the surface to be coated.
st一世CK-SLIP (CHATTER):unstable sliding condition in which movement of one part over another starts and stops, caused by temporary overcoming of static friction.
sURFACE APPEARANCE:the smoothness, gloss and presence or lack of surface defects in a coating.
sURFACE TREATMENT:conditioning the substrate before coating through grit blast, phosphate, etc. may include the removal of a coating (see burn-off).
磁带测试：an astm method d3359-02 for measuring the adhesion of a coating to a substrate using a specific tape and technique.
热塑性树脂：a resin which will melt when heated and solidifies when cooled, and softens when reheated.
tHermosett一世nGresIN (THERMOSET):a resin designed to undergo an irreversible chemical and physical change during heat-cure schedule, i.e., a plastic resin that crosslinks during cure so that it does not soften when reheated.
穿：deterioration by friction (abrasion, spalling, cutting, fretting).